|Kang Tongbi founded this organization in 1903 in Canada, the US, and Hawaii. South Windsor Kang Tongbi collection.|
In 1903, Kang Tongbi came to North America for six years of education and Baohuanghui organizing. She began her North American sojourn In Victoria and Vancouver/New Westminster, BC, where she founded two branches of a feminist-oriented Chinese Empire Ladies Reform Association. Like the regular Baohuanghui chapters, photo posters were produced showing the officers and their titles. Branches were formed in the Pacific Northwest, Honolulu, New York, and other cities in the Northeastern US. The members were mostly wives of Baohuanghui leaders.
The poster celebrates heroic Western women like Joan of Arc who died for a cause and declares: "But, there are talented Chinese women who have come to the great land [the American continent?] and brought honor [to their country] wearing men’s clothes [boldly going out in the world as equals to men]."
Below is a translation by Hongmei Sun of George Mason University and Hu Ying of UC Irvine. A large format downloadable copy has been provided by Harvard-Yenching Library, which has the same poster.